After filling the cavity, the sensitivity of the teeth to air, pressure, sugar and temperature is normal. This kind of discomfort should not be solved by itself within two to four weeks. However, if you have gum swelling after oral filling, another factor may be involved. Gingival swelling is common and may be caused by several different conditions. Gingival swelling after dental work may be a coincidence, but dental work may be the cause.
Advertisementsspan= "article-image inner caption-class"> A young woman is seeing a dentist. (Image: Keith Brofsky/Photodisc/Getty Images)
Gingival swelling is often caused by periodontal disease or gingivitis, a disease involving inflammation and tissue infection supporting teeth. Gingivalitis is usually the result of poor oral hygiene and can also cause tooth decay. Other causes of gingival swelling have nothing to do with dental work, including viruses or infections, pregnancy, scurvy, malnutrition, vitamin C deficiency, drug side effects, alcoholism, ulcers, pregnancy or other hormone fluctuations. Reasons directly related to your dental visit may include allergies to your filler or other products used by your dentist, post-operative oral breathing or psychological stress.
According to the University of Maryland Medical Center, the American Dental Association reported fewer than 100 cases of allergy to silver fillers. If you are allergic to a metal used in mercury or amalgam restoration, it may trigger a rash-like allergic reaction, including gum swelling and itching. If you have a family history of metal allergies, another substance can be used to fill your hole. Other allergens that can cause gum swelling are toothpaste and mouthwash. A different brand of toothpaste, using different ingredients, can not only reduce swelling, but also avoid gargling.
Some drugs, such as dilantine and phenobarbital, can cause gingival swelling and produce side effects. Both drugs are barbiturates used to control seizures and treat other diseases. Consult your doctor before stopping taking these or any other prescription drugs. If your face, tongue, throat or lips are also swollen, contact your doctor immediately. Other symptoms requiring immediate medical treatment include dyspnea, mood changes, depression, anxiety, hyperactivity disorder or suicidal thoughts.
If there is discomfort, severe or persistent swelling associated with swelling and other unexplained symptoms, please contact a medical professional. At home, don't use tobacco or alcohol to stimulate your gums. Brush your teeth at least twice a day, preferably after meals and before bed, floss at least once a day, check and clean your teeth and gums at least once every six months, and keep your dental appliances (such as dentures) clean.